Jannik Wempe
Jannik Wempe

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Create Your Personal, Pay-Per-Use ChatGPT Client in Minutes

Create Your Personal, Pay-Per-Use ChatGPT Client in Minutes

Deploy a custom ChatGPT interface with faster response times and pay-as-you-go pricing using ChatBot UI and Vercel hosting.

Jannik Wempe's photo
Jannik Wempe
·Apr 30, 2023·

3 min read

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Table of contents

  • About ChatBot UI
  • Adding BasicAuth
  • Conclusion

I was hesitant to purchase ChatGPT Pro. While I often use ChatGPT, the $20 per month price tag seemed excessive for my needs. However, the slow response time and limited availability were frustrating. I appreciate the serverless, pay-per-use approach, as that's what I was seeking. Thankfully, Chatbot UI offers a solution!

In this article, I'll explain how to host your own ChatGPT UI, allowing you to experience faster response times and pay only for what you use.

About ChatBot UI

Chatbot UI is an open source chat UI for AI models.
ChatBot UI GitHub Repository

ChatBot UI is a NextJS app and has an interface that is familiar if you have used ChatGPT:

Chatbot UI

It has features like different chats, saving prompt templates, switching AI models (e.g. gpt-3.5-turbo) and more. You just provide some configs like your Open API key and are good to go.

One feature that is missing though is saving chats and prompts to a database. Data is currently stored in local storage. But the APIs are quite nice and you could easily add a database yourself.

I won't go into details on configuration here. The Readme.md is the single source of truth and will have the up to date instructions.

You could leave the OPENAI_API_KEY environment variable blank and have the user specify the key but I don't want anybody else to use my UI at all. That is why we are now looking into how to protect your ChatBot UI website.

Adding BasicAuth

I am using the most basic way to protect a website: Basic Auth.

Basic auth is a simple HTTP authentication scheme used to protect web resources that require user authentication. It works by sending the combination of a username and password, encoded in base64 format, as plain text over the network (you should use HTTPS). It is good enough for this use case.

I am deploying my version of the ChatBot you to Vercel. There is an example from Vercel on GitHub on how to add Basic Auth. It all comes down to using an edge middleware and an API route. This is my slightly modified version of the middleware using environment variables to provide values for user and pwd:

// middleware.ts
import { NextRequest, NextResponse } from 'next/server';

export function middleware(req: NextRequest) {
  const basicAuth = req.headers.get('authorization');
  const url = req.nextUrl;

  if (basicAuth) {
    const authValue = basicAuth.split(' ')[1];
    const [user, pwd] = atob(authValue).split(':');

    if (
      user === process.env.BASIC_AUTH_USER &&
      pwd === process.env.BASIC_AUTH_PASSWORD
    ) {
      return NextResponse.next();
    }
  }
  url.pathname = '/api/auth';

  return NextResponse.rewrite(url);
}

It checks the provided user and pwd if the authorization header is provided and allows the requests to pass through if it is correct or otherwise rewrites the response to the /api/auth URL:

// pages/api/auth.ts
import type { NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse } from 'next';

export default function handler(_: NextApiRequest, res: NextApiResponse) {
  res.setHeader('WWW-authenticate', 'Basic realm="Secure Area"');
  res.statusCode = 401;
  res.end(`Auth Required.`);
}

This is just setting a header and a 401 (Unauthorized) status code.The WWW-authenticate field is used to initiate the authentication process, and the value Basic realm="Secure Area" instructs the client to send encoded username and password credentials to access the "Secure Area" of the website.

You just have to add those two files to your ChatBot UI code and provide the BASIC_AUTH_USER and BASIC_AUTH_PASSWORD to add Basic Auth to your own version of ChatGPT.

Conclusion

It is quite straightforward to deploy your own version of ChatGPT with fast response times without paying $20 per month. This can be accomplished in less than 10 minutes, and it also provides a solid starting point for customizing everything to your liking without having to code everything from scratch.

Note: Check out Hashnode Rix – The AI-powered chatbot for developers for making development-specific prompts. It is also trained on various open-source documentation.

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